Top 10 Most Common Dog Health Problems

Your Dog is a faithful companion, but he doesn’t know to talk about his health issues. As his owner, you need to know about his pains and help him to live a healthy life. Unfortunately, dogs face many health issues. But many of these problems can be prevented with proper treatments and vaccinations.

Here we list Most Common Dog Health Problems with their Symptoms. We strongly recommended getting advice from a veterinary surgeon before you start treatments.

1. Dental Disease

dog dental disease

This is one of the most common diseases in dogs. Mainly occurs around the tooth. Periodontal disease associated with inflammation and as a result deep supporting structure of your doggie can be loose.

When the food particles and bacteria aggregate along your doggie’s gum line and make a plaque, then the plaque is mixed with saliva and minerals. After transforming to calculus, it causes gum irritation and an inflammatory condition called gingivitis.

This case can start with the one tooth inflammation. This can be very painful and lead to losing teeth. Once your doggie is suffering from this kind of disease, you can find out symptoms while observing him. Some signs are including

  • Purulent around teeth
  • Bad breath (persistence)
  • Pawing at the mouth
  • Missing teeth
  • Difficult to eat or chewing
  • Drooling
  • Stomach upsets
  • Depression

Periodontal disease is caused due to many factors. Mainly it affects due to aging. This disease commonly caused old age doggies. Also, it happens due to the effect of bacteria such as Streptococcus and Actinomyces grooming habits, home care, and diet and chewing behavior, genetics and tooth alignment of your doggie. X – Rays are essential to diagnose this disease.

2. Parvovirus

parvo virus dogs

Parvovirus is a most severe contagious viral disease. It can severely affect your doggie’s intestinal tract and attack to the white blood cells (WBC).

If your doggie is affected by this Parvovirus in his puppy stage that can be damaged to cardiac muscles and cause long-term cardiac problems, this is rapidly contagious and transmitted by in contact with the feces of an infected dog.

This virus can survive for a long time in the environment. Highly resistant. If your doggie is suffering from Parvovirus, you can examine it through symptoms. Symptoms are including,

  • Severe Vomiting
  • Lethargy
  • Bloody – foul-smelling diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite

Parvovirus can be diagnosed through your veterinarian by laboratory testing. ELISA (Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbant Assay) is a standard test for Parvovirus. But sometimes this test is not only required according to your doggie’s disease condition.

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3. Heartworm

heart worms dogs

Heartworm is a severe disease that makes the path to serious heart failure, lung disease, and other organ diseases. Heartworm is spread through the parasitic worm called Dirofilaria immits.

Those worms are entering to your doggie by the biting of the mosquito. Your doggie becomes the host of this disease. Heartworm disease is not contagious. So this disease cannot be caught by your doggie by staying with infection dog.

After mosquito biting parasitic worms are entered to doggie’s bloodstream. Then they become matured inside and mated with each other. Finally, worm gang damaging the inside systems of your dog. In the first stage of this disease, you cannot be seen by observing him. After that, he shows symptoms including,

  • Occasional cough, finally become persist
  • Trouble to breath
  • Become tired after activities

Veterinarians recommended drug immiticide (melarsomine hydrochloride) to kill the adult heartworms. Treatments for Heartworm are costly. It can be potentially toxic to your doggie. After knowing he is suffering from this disease it is essential to visit your family vet often, get x- rays, and give recommended injections.

4. Obesity

obesity in dogs

This is a nutritional disease. Obesity is due to the excess weight or excess body fat of your doggie. This is commonly occurring to dogs in all ages, but it can often find in the middle-aged dogs.

The reasons for the excess of body fat in your doggie are the over nourished him and lack of exercises. Obesity can become life dangerous also. It can reduce your doggie’s life span.

The organ’s response for breathing capacity, digestive organs, bones, and muscles can be affected in your doggie. This can be a severe situation.

Unhealthy eating habits such as other diets and high-calorie foods and also can be a reason for this Obesity. While your doggie is suffering from this disease, you can find out through symptoms including

  • Excess body fat
  • Weight gain
  • Inability to exercise

Obesity can be recognized by measuring the body weight of your doggie. A veterinarian can identify by examining his head, tail, lumbar area and ribs. If your doggie’s body condition score than seven, probably he is suffering from Obesity.

5. Rabies

Rabies in dogs

Rabies is a severe viral disease that affects the gray matter of your doggie’s brain and the central nervous system of him. Rabies is a single-stranded RNA virus.

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The rabid dog remains his infectious viral particles in the salivary gland. So the virus is transmitted through the saliva. When the virus is entering to your doggie through the infectious dog’s saliva, it replicates in the muscle cells.

Then spread to the central nervous system via the closest nerve fibers. This virus can be developed up to a month without showing any symptoms. But if he starts to show symptoms, it will overgrow. Rabies, there are two forms including paralytic and furious. You have to be careful if your doggie shows signs like,

  • Fever
  • Pica
  • Paralysis
  • Hydrophobia
  • Seizures
  • Change of bark tone
  • Aggression or unusual shyness
  • Changes in behavior

To save your dog from rabies, you have to meet your vet immediately. Your vet may keep him quarantine in a locked cage. This is the only way of confirming whether your dog has rabies or not.

6. Diarrhea

Diarrhea in dogs

Diarrhea can be caused due to diet changes, severe illness or infections. A single bout of Diarrhea is not caused much effect on your doggie, but if it remains more than a day, it’s better to meet your family vet and check about his condition because it can lead to dehydration. This can be dangerous to him.

Diarrhea is caused because of food intolerance, garbage or spoiled food ingestion, allergic reaction, ingestion of toxic or poisonous things, bacterial or viral infections, stress, some diseases, etc.

You can recognize diarrhea through the symptoms shown by your doggie. Including,

  • Loose or frequent liquid stools
  • Blood or mucus in stool
  • Flatulence
  • Fever
  • Dehydration
  • Vomiting
  • Decreased appetite
  • Weight loss

You can bring your doggie to the vet if he is suffering from Diarrhea more than a day.

7. Kidney Disease

kidney disease in dogs

Kidney disease also called as the chronic renal disease is most commonly affected by old age dogs. This disease is mainly caused due to the age, infections of fungal, bacterial and viral, cancer, inflammation, parasites, trauma, and congenital and inherited diseases.

Because of Kidney Disease, other regulatory conditions become slow such as blood pressure, pH level, blood volume, water composition in blood, blood cell count, etc.

This can be a very severe condition. It can make your doggie death because symptoms are shown in the late stage. Symptoms including,

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Lethargy
  • Depression
  • Weight loss
  • Blood in urine
  • Loss of appetite
  • Thirst increase

To recognize this Kidney Disease vet has got a complete blood test of your doggie including urinalysis and full blood count. X – Rays and ultrasound imaging also help to find out the shape and size of his kidney. If he has this disease, his kidney becomes abnormally small.

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8. Diabetes

diabetes in dogs

Diabetes is caused due to inadequate to insulin or lack of the hormone insulin. To the development of this complex disease genetics, obesity, autoimmune disease, and medications are mainly affected.

Diabetes is a manageable disorder. There are two types of Diabetes including lack of insulin production and impaired insulin production. A most common type in dogs is lack of insulin production.

This type of disease dog needs insulin therapy to survive. When he has Diabetes, he shows symptoms including,

  • Weight loss
  • Appetite changes
  • Increase of thirsty
  • Increased urination
  • Lethargy
  • Dehydration
  • Vomiting

Obese dogs and female dogs that are in their late life can be easily get caught by Diabetes.

9. Distemper

distemper in dogs

Distemper is a severe contagious viral disease. There is high susceptibility to infectious this disease to unvaccinated puppies, young puppies, and nonimmunized older dogs.

Doggies that have bacterial infections in the respiratory system and digestive system may have a high vulnerability to infect this Distemper. The virus is transmitted through direct contact with blood, saliva or fresh urine.

You can observe his symptoms and recognize Distemper. Signs are including,

  • Coughing
  • Sneezing
  • From the eyes and nose thick mucus coming out
  • Vomiting and Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Lethargy
  • Loss of appetite
  • Depression

Immediately after if you suspect he is suffering from Distemper you must take him in to vet. This virus is spreading rapidly. This can be diagnosed via urine analysis and biochemical tests.

10. Kennel Cough

kennel cough in dogs

Kennel cough is a common highly dangerous contagious respiratory disease. This is caused by the inflammation of the trachea and bronchi.

This Kennel cough may highly infect young puppies and old dogs. Young dogs suffer because they have an immature immune system and older get caught due to the reduction of their immune capability.

Microorganisms including virus and bacteria may contribute to the infection of this disease. Kennel Cough is transmitted through the air, by direct contact with infected dogs and contact with contaminated objects. After catching Kennel Cough, your doggie shows symptoms including,

  • Fever
  • Lethargy
  • A dry, hacking cough
  • Retching
  • Watery nasal discharge

As treatments of Kennel Cough, you can give him antibiotics, vitamins, honey, cough medicine, herbal tea, and licorice root.

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