Facts About Pomeranian Dog Breed

Getting to your dog begins by getting to know its breed, and that takes account of getting a better idea about its personality, appearance, and health requirements.

Here are the things you need to know about the Pomeranian.

What’s a Pomeranian?


Pomeranian is a small Spitz dog that only weighs between three to seven pounds and measures 7 to 12 inches at the withers.

The Pomeranian has a long, fluffy coat found in many different color varieties like orange, black, and cream.

White and spotted are also available. This dog carries its plume-like tail flat on its back.

This breed of dog has a short, pointed muzzle and small upright pointed ears.

This is a very confident and active toy dog and has a very delicate body structure. Pomeranians are also known as Loulou, Pom, or Dwarf Spitz.

What does Pomeranian look like?

A Pom has a small triangle ear that stands erect. This is an unwavering feature of a Pom.

Some puppies are born with ears already erect at a specific degree. For pups with small folded ears, the ears stand by the two to the six-month mark.

It has a moderate length muzzle; it is one-third the skull’s length. This, together with the wedge-shaped head, makes what’s called a fox face.

Some Poms have shorter muzzles called teddy bears or baby dolls.

However, these are unofficial faces and don’t fit the 1/3:2/3 ratio, which is known for in the breed standard of AKC. 

The Pom tail is greatly plumped with lots of hair and is set high on the rump. It lies flat over his back, though Pomeranians can surely hold it at different positions.

How Big do Pomeranian Get? 


Usually, Poms stands approximately seven to twelve inches tall and weighs three to seven pounds.

Some Poms are bigger than their ancestors and are known to weigh around 14 pounds.

How much does Pomeranian weigh?

The Poms weight of Pomeranian dog bred by champion breeders normally is between three and seven pounds. 

The puppy’s genes play a very significant role; therefore, they always observe the parents’ size.

This is where visiting the breeder is vital. If not sure of the right adult weight, you can check the Pom Breed Standard.

Overfeeding young Pom puppies can cause unwanted development spurts. Underfeeding, on the other hand, is surely no advantageous either.

Both underfeeding and overfeeding can lead to serious health problems for your puppy. Always talk about any feeding problems for a Pom.

What’s the perfect weight for a Pom? 


According to AKC or American Kennel Club, the ideal weight for Pom is 3 to 7 pounds, with the ideal weight for show specimens is 4 to 6 pounds.

Metric conversion is 1.36 – 3.18 kg and 1.8 to 2.72 kg.

Do pomeranian shed?

As fluffy, cute, and adorable as they are, Poms do shed. They do not shed as much as other types of dogs, but their shedding is still significant.

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Poms aren’t known as heavy shedders. However, their significant fur does leave behind some fur around their environment.

How often should you bathe a pomeranian?

Poms have a minimal amount of oil on their skin and coat. So, you must avoid washing a pom more than once a month.

However, waiting two to three months is advisable. Bath your Pom every six months.

How often should you groom a Pomeranian?


You must groom your Pom three times a week, preferably more often than this. If your dog is shedding, grooming is vital to avoid the loose fur from matting. 

Should I brush my Pomeranian wet or dry?

You must utilize a fine-tooth steel brush to get rid of tangles from Pom’s fur, avoid treating your dog’s dry hair.

Keep in mind that you must not brush dry hair to damage the fur. 

Do pomeranian dogs bark a lot?

Despite its small size, a Pom has a loud bark and makes superb watchdogs.

Sometimes Poms don’t know when to end barking, but it is smart to train him to stop barking on command.

Are Pomeranians hypoallergenic?

They are not regarded as a hypoallergenic dog breed. Once you experience an allergy to dogs, you must think twice before deciding to get this type of dog as they do not have hypoallergenic dog’s qualities.

Are Pomeranian easy to train?


This breed of dogs can be extremely headstrong, making them hard to train. Clicker training, where you utilize the positive reinforcement of a clicking sound to train Pom, can be useful.

Also, it is highly recommended that the owner crate train the Pom that will provide him a safe and cozy space to relax and unwind. This can support the housetraining efforts too.

Pomeranian Behavior Problems

Poms are likely to be suspicious around strangers, and the small makes large animals and people intimidating to them.

Fear can become aggression fast, and you must not interpret his fear as a cute, endearing behavior.

As Pomeranians are small, most owners often undervalue the sternness of aggression.

Proper socialization, most especially during the first sixteen weeks of life — is key to avoiding fear and aggression.

Do Poms make a good house pet?

This breed of dog is known for being intelligent, aggressive, curious, bold, and energetic.

Usually, they are extremely playful and love to be the center of attention.

Poms can make great house pets for families; however, they might not be a superb choice for families with small kids.

Is Pomeranian dangerous?

Poms are often good alert and alarm dogs and can be susceptible to too much barking.

They are likely to be good with kids, but kids need to be wary that these are a small breed of dogs and not as tough as the bigger breed out there.

What are the living conditions of Pomeranian?


This breed of dog makes a superb companion for indoor living. The dog will play and exercise itself in an apartment or house.

However, Pom will love an occasional walk or play session outside. This dog is not clingy but surely love being around their family. Pomeranian must be kept inside and aren’t ideal for outdoor living.

What are the health issues related to Pomeranian?

Major health issues with this breed of dogs concern the high propensity for tooth decay. This can result in kidney or heart ailments.

It is ideal or advisable to fee your Pomeranian dry dog food and provide chews, which assist clean the teeth.

Even if they don’t usually experience hip dysplasia, Pom can experience issues with their knee caps that can shift out of place, which causes the affected leg to become stiff.

This breed of dog can also develop eye issues like entropion or cataracts. Sometimes the trachea can collapse, which is a very serious issue.

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The Pom can live for up to sixteen years, provided that you follow the right care.

Other common health problems Pom can face include luxating patella and tracheal collapse.

More rarely, this breed of dog can also have Alopecia X, a skin condition colloquially called “black skin disease.

Why my Pomeranian is very aggressive?


Many owners who worry about their Pom being aggressive are just as astounded as they are concerned.

And it can seem puzzling about why a puppy is instantly acting out of control. Some of the most popular reasons for being aggressive are:

Fear: Pomeranians can be afraid of many things, from strangers to loud noises, to chaotic conditions or situations.

This could make your Pom take an offensive stance. This can manifest outwardly by snipping, growling, and trying to bit people.

Improper Status: If your Pom is aggressive towards family members, most often, this is an indication that your Pomeranian is confused about his place in the hierarch of the family.

Health or Medical Problems: When your Pom is well-behaved and instantly becomes aggressive, this might be due to your Pom is experiencing some kind of health problem.

If he is in pain, he might nip, growl, snarl as well as bite.

This is because of the feeling of vulnerability that can cause a Pom to lash out at those perceived as risks to him while he is in a weakened state or condition.

Because of this, before starting working on training to end this aggression, your Pom must have a full veterinary examination.

Some think if an aggressive Pom is unstable or otherwise dealing with emotional problems to such a point that the issues can’t be addressed.

And this kind of thought is most often seen with older and adopted Poms. Can this be fixed or addressed?

It depends on the level at which a Pom shows aggressive behavior, which your dog is doing and how often the events happen, the owner’s capability to train this problem, and if it is feasible for an expert trainer to become involved should it be warranted.

What are the signs that my Pom is stressed?


The world is a big place for our Pom, and often that can be scary. Like human beings, our Poms have anxieties and fears about things happening around them.

It can be easy to forget this or not know when your Pom feels this way as they communicate differently what human beings.

If you are not certain how to tell if the Pom is afraid or anxious, you’ll have difficulty assisting him to overcome this emotion.

Some of the signs your Pom is stressed include shivering, whale eye, cowering, whining as well as won’t eat.

How to Train my Pom to stop biting?

Bite inhibition is a term of the level of control a Pom has over his mouth strength.

When Pom does not understand this inhibition, we would not know how sensitive the skin is, so he will bite, even when playing.

Many behaviorists and trainers believe a dog, after knowing how to control and manage the strength of his bite when playing with people, is unlikely to bite anyone hard, even causing the skin to break.

Once your Pom is in pain or scared, let alone while he plays with people he knows.

How long can you leave a Pom home alone? 


If you go to school, work, or have other jobs that you need to do and leave home, a Pom of any age eight weeks and older can be home alone for eight to nine hours if he is the best set up for safety, comfort as well as meet all his needs.

It will take some planning as well as getting the best items to make sure that your cute friend is secured and protected, can’t get into any issue, can reach both is water and food and has the best items to assist, keep anxiety and stress.

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It’s also possible to train your Pom to have self-confidence in being by himself and learn independent play that is a big part of handling and tackling the isolation.

It’s not suggested to leave a Pom at home for more than nine hours as the time ticks away.

There’s mot of an opportunity for something to take place. Food and water can run out, poo, and pee accumulates in the designated area.

If you’ll be gone for more days than those eight to nine hours, it is very important to have your Pom stay with friends or family members.

Alternatively, canine hotels or doggie daycare for overnights are choices if you don’t have volunteers.

Does Pom eat a lot? 

Research reveals that purchasing a Pomeranian is about USD800 to USD4000.

The cost is a little higher; however, the good news is that Pomeranian doesn’t eat a lot.

It is not like a bigger breed of dogs that need more food intake to sustain their bodies’ needs.

Smaller breeds of dogs like this do not need so much daily consumption.

Puppies’ usual diet is two cups a day, while adults need one-half cups for each pound of their weight. 

Does Pom very friendly?


Yes. This breed of dog is playful, very active, and outgoing dogs, which can form a platonic, harmonious form of relationship with other pets.

Even if this dog’s friendliness is a remarkable factor, these small and very cute puppies shouldn’t be around young kids as they might not be handled gently.  

Is it easy to groom a Pomeranian?

The fact that this breed of dog comes with a very thick double coat and sheds heavily, it is essential to brush him regularly.

The fur can become matted easily. It is best to utilize a dry shampoo on the Pom to preserve his coat oils.

The owner must clean the eyes and ears every day to prevent infection. While a daily brushing of teeth can help avoid decay, a vet should frequently clean the teeth.

How do I know if my puppy is a Pom? 

One simple and easy way to know if your Pom is a 100 percent breed is through DNA testing.

Without the needed paperwork, this is the only effective and sure way to prove the breed. This kind of testing has become very advanced at this point.

What’s the rarest color of Pom out there? 


The rarest color of Pomeranian is true black. They will be pure black and don’t have a secondary color or marking on their fur.

Black skin pigmentation means the lips, paw pads, lips as well as eye rims will all be black. In this breed of dog, black coloration at the points is extremely rare.

How much does Pomeranian cost?

There is a big or huge variation in the price range of Poms. The cost of this dog, as well as the actual price, is reliant on various variables.

The cost of Pom can be as little as USD500 and high pricing of about USD50.000.

Pom puppies’ price range is normally a bit more expensive compared to an older puppy or an adult Pom.

Therefore, if you’re not focused on an eight-week-old dog, think of the older Pom to save you a lot.

Where to buy/adopt a pomeranian dog?

There are many websites where you can buy and adopt a Pomeranian dog. However, it is advisable to choose to adopt than to purchase a dog.

Also, the simplest way of adopting a Pom would be via a rescue specializing in Poms.

A remarkable place to begin would be by starting a breed search on a reliable website such as Adopt-a-Pet.com. The search will reveal some of the available Poms in your area.

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